Born in Brooklyn, Jane Gottlieb joined Juilliard in 1986, where she now holds the position of vice president for library and information resources and director of the C.V. Starr Doctoral program. She holds a Bachelor of Arts in music from Binghamton University and a Master of Science in Library Service from Columbia University, where she also pursued studies in musicology. Prior to joining Juilliard, she was head librarian at Mannes College of Music and also worked at the New York Public Library for the Performing Arts and the American Music Center.
Gottlieb has published extensively on various aspects of music librarianship. Her book Music Library and Research Skills was recently published in a second edition by Oxford University Press (2016). Other publications include co-editor, Pianist, Scholar, Connoisseur: Essays in Honor of Jacob Lateiner (2000); co-editor, Guide to The Juilliard School Archives (1992); associate editor, The Musical Woman: An International Perspective (1983-91); editor, Collection Assessment in Music Libraries (1994); co-compiler, Knowing the Score: Preserving Collections of Music (1994); as well as articles in The New Grove Dictionary of American Music, Dictionary of American Biography, Scribner Encyclopedia of American Lives, and Fontes Artis Musicae. She served as editor of the peer-reviewed journal Notes: Quarterly Journal of the Music Library Association from 2010 to 2015. A past president of the Music Library Association, Gottlieb received the M.L.A. Citation in 2015 in recognition of her distinguished service to music librarianship. She is vice president of the International Association of Music Libraries, Archives, and Documentation Centers.