The Juilliard School considers the abuse of drugs or alcohol by its faculty, staff, and students to be unsafe and counterproductive to the educational process and the work environment. It is Juilliard's policy that the illegal possession, use, consumption, sale, purchase or distribution of alcohol, illegal drugs or illegally possessed drugs by any student or employee, while in the workplace, on campus or in the conduct of School-related work off-campus, is strictly prohibited.
For purposes of this policy, the campus is defined as any area used for work, educational, recreational, residence hall, including surrounding sidewalks and exterior areas.
This policy is not designed to interfere with the appropriate use of prescription drugs. Employees should notify their supervisors if the proper use of prescribed medication will affect work or academic performance. Abuse of prescription drugs will be treated as a violation of this policy.
The School permits persons of legal drinking age or older to possess and consume alcoholic beverages within the confines of private units in the Rose Building subject to all Federal, State and Local laws, and the guidelines which have been established by the School.
Guests under the age of 21 are not allowed to be in a campus housing unit where alcohol is permitted, regardless of whether they are consuming alcoholic beverages or not.
Disciplinary Actions to Prevent Drug Abuse
Penalties or sanctions will be imposed by the School in accordance with procedures for disciplinary actions against employees and students as found in the Student Handbook, the Staff Handbook, the Faculty Handbook, and/or other applicable documents. Sanctions and penalties may range from referral to rehabilitation programs, written warnings with probationary status, to dismissal from academic programs, and termination of employment.
Distribution & Review of Policy
This policy will be distributed annually to:
A) All new employees at the start of employment;
B) All current employees;
C) All students registered for the academic year in all degree programs.
Additionally, this policy will be included in all handbooks (Staff, Faculty, and Student.)
The Vice President of Enrollment Management and Student Development will oversee the biennial review of this policy, including determining its effectiveness and any necessary changes.
Health Risks Associated with the use of: Illicit Drugs & the Abuse of Alcohol
Illicit drugs and the health risks involved in using them include, but are not necessarily limited to:
Use of cannabis may impair or reduce short-term memory and comprehension, alter sense of time, and reduce ability to perform tasks requiring concentration and coordination, such as riding a bike. Marijuana can also produce paranoia and psychosis.
Inhalants (gasses or volatile liquids)
Immediate negative effects may include nausea, sneezing, coughing, nose bleeds, fatigue, lack of coordination, and loss of appetite. Solvents and aerosol sprays may also decrease the heart and respiratory rates and impair judgment. Amyl and Butyl nitrite cause rapid pulse, headaches, and involuntary passing of urine and feces. Long-term use may result in hepatitis or brain damage.
Use causes the immediate effects of dilated pupils, elevated blood pressure, increased heart rate, and elevated body temperature. Chronic use can cause ulceration of the mucous membrane in the nose and produce psychological dependency. Crack or freebase rock, a concentrated form of cocaine, produces effects within 10 seconds of administration. In addition to the above, additional effects include loss of appetite, tactile hallucinations, paranoia, and seizures. Cocaine in any form may lead to death through disruption of the brain's control of heart and respiration.
These include amphetamines and methamphetamines. Users may perspire, experience headache, blurred vision, dizziness, sleeplessness, and anxiety. Extremely high doses can cause physical collapse, very high fever, stroke or heart failure.
Included are barbiturates, methaqualones ("Quaaludes"), and tranquilizers. Effects can cause slurred speech, staggering gait, and altered perception. Very large doses can cause respiratory depression, coma, and death. The combination of depressants and alcohol can be devastating. Babies born to mothers who abuse depressants during pregnancy may be physically dependent on the drugs. Some show birth defects and/or behavioral problems.
Effects of hallucinogens vary depending upon the type of drug. Chronic users may experience mood disorders, paranoia, violent behavior, hallucinations, panic, confusion, loss of control, and death.
Narcotics (including heroin)
Overdose may produce slow and shallow breathing, clammy skin, convulsions, coma, and death. Tolerance to narcotics develops rapidly and dependence is likely. Addiction in pregnant women can lead to premature, stillborn, or addicted infants.
These drugs have had their molecular structure chemically changed to produce analogs such as synthetic heroin and hallucinogens. These analogs can be hundreds of times stronger than the original drug, which they are designed to imitate. One dose can cause uncontrollable tremors, drooling, impaired speech, paralysis, and irreversible brain damage.
Abuse of Alcohol
Alcohol consumption causes a number of marked changes in behavior. Even low doses significantly impair the judgment and coordination required to drive a car safely, increasing the likelihood that the driver will be involved in an accident.
Moderate doses of alcohol also increase the incidence of a variety of aggressive acts, including murder, rape, armed robbery, vandalism, spouse and child abuse and drunk driving. Moderate to high doses of alcohol can cause marked impairment in higher mental functions, severely altering a person's ability to learn and remember information. Heavy use may cause chronic depression and suicide, and is also greatly associated with the abuse of other drugs.
Very high doses cause respiratory depression and death. If combined with other depressants of the central nervous system, much lower doses of alcohol will produce the effects described. The use of even small amounts of alcohol by pregnant women can damage their fetus.
Long-term heavy alcohol use can cause digestive disorders, cirrhosis of the liver, circulatory system disorders, and impairment of the central nervous system, all of which may lead to an early death. Repeated use of alcohol can lead to dependence, particularly in persons with 1 or more parents or grandparents who were problem drinkers. At least 15-20% of heavy users will eventually become problem drinkers or alcoholics if they continue drinking. Sudden cessation of alcohol intake is likely to produce withdrawal symptoms including severe anxiety, tremors, hallucinations, and convulsions, which can be life threatening.
Resources for Help & Assistance
Any employee or student who believes he or she has a problem with drug and/or alcohol abuse is urged, for his or her own benefit as well as the benefit of fellow employees and students, to seek counseling and treatment through a treatment program of his or her choice.
Options for assistance and referral include:
Employees may contact Human Resources or the Juilliard-sponsored EAP service;
Students may contact the Office of Student Affairs or Health and Counseling Services;
All requests for counseling and treatment sessions, as well as referrals, will be handled in a confidential manner.
Juilliard Counseling Services
Counseling Services has professional mental health counselors on staff to assist students. In addition, the Dean of Student Affairs, Assistant Dean for Student Affairs, and Student Affairs/Residence Life staff are trained in crisis intervention and may provide assistance and/or implement the necessary conduct procedures regarding student behavior.
New York State Resources
The New York State Office of Alcoholism and Substance Abuse Services (OASAS) provides services for the prevention, treatment and recovery from alcohol, drugs and/or other addictions.
For more information visit their website: http://www.oasas.ny.gov or call the toll-free OASAS HOPEline at 1-877-846-7369 to speak with a trained medical professional.
HOPEline staff can answer your questions and help you find treatment 24 hours a day, seven days a week. All calls are confidential.
Offenses & Penalties Overview
In addition to the disciplinary sanctions, the School and or individual(s) involved are subject to state and/or Federal sanctions. Employees who work off-site are subject to the appropriate state and/or local sanctions for their work location. The list of possible sanctions are listed in all handbooks.
New York City & State
New York City and state offenses/penalties are defined by the Alcoholic Beverage Control Law and Penal Law. The following categories are address in this policy:
1. Serving Alcohol to Persons Under 21;
2. Fraudulent Attempt to Purchase Alcohol (false ID/another persons);
3. Possession of Alcohol by Person Under 21;
4. Driving While Intoxicated (DWI) (.08 blood alcohol content);
5. Driving While Ability Impaired (DWAI) (.05-.07 blood alcohol content);
6. Operating a Motor Vehicle after Consuming Alcohol - under age 21;
7. Possession of Open Container in Public Place.
1. Possession and Distribution of Marijuana;
2. Possession and Distribution of Other Controlled Substances.
1. Tobacco and tobacco related products;
2. Electronic cigarettes (E-cigarettes)
Federal law prohibits the manufacture, distribution, or dispensing, or possession with intent to manufacture, distribute, or dispense, a controlled substance.
See http://www.justice.gov/dea/agency/penalties.htm for updated information
Offenses & Penalties by Type
New York State offenses and penalties are defined by the Alcoholic Beverage Control Law and Penal Law. A summary of offenses and penalties is provided below:
Serving alcohol to person under 21
Up to 1 year in jail, $1000 fine.
Fraudulent attempt to purchase alcohol (using false Id or ID of another person
Up to $100 fine, 30 hours community service, and/or completion of an alcohol awareness program; 90 day license suspension if a New York State driver's license is used as the false ID.
Possession of alcohol by a person under 21
Up to $50 fine and/or completion of an alcohol awareness program and/or up to 30 hours of community service.
Driving while intoxicated (DWI) [.08 blood alcohol content]
1st offense: Up to 1 year prison, $500 to $1000 fine, 6 months license revocation.
2nd offense (in 10 years): Up to 4 years prison, $1000 fine, 1 year minimum license revocation.
Driving while ability impaired (DWAI) [.05-.07 blood alcohol content]
1st offense: Up to 15 days jail, $300-$500 fine, 90 day license suspension.
2nd offense (in 5 years): Up to 30 days jail, $500-$700 fine, 6 month minimum license revocation.
Operating a motor vehicle after consuming alcohol while under age 21
$125 fine, license suspension/revocation.
Possession of an open container in a public place
Up to 15 days in jail, $100-$150 fine, required alcohol awareness training, and up to 30 community service hours; suspension of license for 90 days.
Acceptable Forms of ID:
1. Driver's License;
2. Non-driver's License ID;
3. Military ID;
The State of New York Public Health Law prohibits: growing marijuana or knowingly allowing it to be grown without destroying it; selling or possessing a hypodermic needle without a doctor's written prescription; or manufacturing, selling, or possessing with intent to sell an imitation controlled substance. The State of New York Penal Law and federal laws define a wide range of offenses and penalties for possessing or distributing marijuana and other controlled substances. In addition, driving a motor vehicle with ability impaired by drugs is subject to the same New York State law and sanctions as driving while intoxicated. A more complete description of these offenses and penalties is provided below:
Unlawful Possession of Marijuana
1st offense: Fine less than $100;
2nd offense: Fine less than $200;
3rd offense: Fine less than $250.
New York State Penal Law sanctions for Criminal Possession and Sale (Degree depends upon amount of substance seized)
5th Degree: Class B Misdemeanor 3 month imprisonment or less;
4th Degree: Class A Misdemeanor 1 year imprisonment or less;
3rd Degree: Class E Felony 4 years imprisonment or less;
2nd Degree: Class D Felony 7 years imprisonment or less;
1st Degree: Class C Felony 15 years imprisonment or less.
Federal Sanctions for Sale of Marijuana
A first offense of trafficking in marijuana in amounts of less than 50 kg may result in imprisonment of not more than 5 years and a fine not to exceed $250,000. Imprisonment and fine minimums are doubled for a second offense.
Trafficking in marijuana in quantities greater than 1,000 kg may result in not less than 10 years and not more than life imprisonment and/or a fine not to exceed $4 million (minimums double for a second offense.)
Possession & Distribution of Other Controlled Substances (heroin, cocaine, base, PCP, LSD, methamphetamine, Fentanyl, Fentanyl analogue).
State Penal Law Sanctions for Possession and Sale (Degree depends upon substance, amount of substance, age of purchaser, and prior record)State Penal Law Sanctions for Possession and Sale (Degree depends upon substance, amount of substance, age of purchaser, and prior record)
7th Degree: Class A Misdemeanor 1 year imprisonment or less;
5th Degree: Class D Felony 7 years imprisonment or less;
4th Degree: Class C Felony 15 years imprisonment or less;
3rd Degree: Class B Felony 6 to 25 years imprisonment;
2nd Degree: Class A-II Felony 3 to 8 years to life imprisonment;
1st Degree: Class A-I Felony 15 to 25 years to life imprisonment.
Federal Sanctions for Possession of a Controlled Substance
First conviction: Up to one year imprisonment and fine of at least $1,000 but not more than $100,000, or both.
After one prior drug conviction: At least 15 days in prison, not to exceed 2 years and fine of at least $2,500 but not more than $250,000, or both.
After two or more prior drug convictions: At least 90 days prison, not to exceed 3 years, and fine of at least $5,000 but not more than $250,000, or both.
Special sentencing provisions for possession of crack cocaine: Mandatory at least 5 years in prison, not to exceed 20 years, and fine of up to $250,000, or both if:
1st conviction and the amount of crack possessed exceeds 5 grams;
2nd conviction and the amount of crack possessed exceeds 3 grams;
3rd or subsequent conviction and the amount of crack exceeds one gram.
Forfeiture of personal and real property used to possess or to facilitate possession of a controlled substance if that offense is punishable by more than one year imprisonment.
Forfeiture of vehicles, boats, aircraft, or any other conveyance used to transport or conceal a controlled substance.
Civil fine up to $10,000 (pending adoption of final regulations).
853a: Denial of federal benefits, such as student loans, grants, contracts, and professional and commercial licenses, up to 1 year for first offense, up to 5 years for second and subsequent offenses.
922(g): Ineligible to receive or purchase a firearm
Miscellaneous: Revocation of certain federal licenses and benefits, e.g., pilot licenses, public housing tenancy, etc., are vested within the authorities of individual federal agencies
Federal Sanctions for Sale of a Controlled Substance
Penalties range from imprisonment for less than one year and/or a fine of less than $100,000 for a first offense involving a small quantity of a controlled substance
For a large quantity, second offense, the penalty may be as severe as 20 years to life imprisonment and a fine of not more than $8 million.
The New York Public Health Law and the New York State Clean Indoor Air Act prohibit smoking in any indoor area open to the public to protect all students, employees, and visitors from secondhand smoke, an established cause of cancer and respiratory disease. Smoking is not permitted in any indoor locations on School owned, operated, or controlled property including, but not limited to: classrooms; private faculty, staff, student, and administrative offices; computing facilities; studios; conference, meeting and seminar rooms; cafeteria areas, lunchrooms, and lounges; libraries; stores; health facilities; restrooms; stairwells; elevators; lobbies; reception areas; and University-owned or hired vehicles.
Stores that sell tobacco products, the law also prohibits the sale of any tobacco products, rolling papers, or pipes to individuals under 18 years of age, and requires that proof of age be provided through a driver's license or other governmental photo I.D. card, unless the individual reasonably appears to be at least 25 years of age. Effective February 28, 1997, Federal Food and Drug Administration regulations also prohibit retailers from selling cigarettes, cigarette tobacco, or smokeless tobacco to any person under age 18, and require retailers to check the photo I.D. of every person under age 27 who wishes to purchase such products.
Electronic Cigarettes (E-cigarettes)
E-cigarettes are battery-powered devices that are designed to mimic cigarettes by vaporizing a nicotine-laced liquid that is inhaled by the user. They are also considered tobacco products and therefore the same rules and conditions apply to the use and sale of these products. Existing smoke-free laws are often interpreted to prohibit e-cigarette use in their smoke-free provisions.